Charles Efferson


Nature (PDF, 51 KB) - October 2016 (Englisch)

Nature (PDF, 52 KB) - October 2016 (German)

Press Release (PDF, 94 KB) (English)

Medienmitteilung (PDF, 137 KB) (Deutsch)


  • Vogt, S., Efferson, C., Fehr, E.  (Forthcoming).  The risk of female genital cutting in Europe: Comparing immigrant attitudes toward uncut girls with attitudes in a practicing country.  Social Science & Medicine - Population Health.  
  • Efferson, C., Lalive, R., Cacault, M. P., Kistler, D.  (Forthcoming). The evolution of facultative conformity based on similarity.  PLoS ONE.
  • Vogt, S., Zaid, N. A. M., Ahmed, H. E. F., Fehr, E., and Efferson, C. (2016). Changing cultural attitudes towards female genital cutting. Nature. 538: 506-509.
  • Zimmermann, J. and Efferson, C.  (Forthcoming).  One-shot reciprocity under error management is unbiased and fragile.  Evolution and Human Behavior. oneShotReciprocityUnbiasedFragile (PDF, 12831 KB)
  • Efferson, C., Roca, C. P., Vogt, S., and Helbing, D. (2016). Sustained cooperation by running away from bad behavior. Evolution and Human Behavior.  37: 1-9.
  • McKay, R., Ross, R. M., O'Lone, K., Efferson, C.  (Forthcoming).  The error of God, revisited.  Religion, Brain & Behavior.
  • Efferson, C.  (Forthcoming).  Economic psychology.  International Encyclopedia of Anthropology.
  • Efferson, C., Vogt, S., Elhadi, A., Ahmed, H.E.F., and Fehr, E. (2015). Female genital cutting is not a social coordination norm. Science, September 25, 2015. doi: 10.1126/science.aaa78. (Shared first authorship with Vogt)
  • McKay, R. and Efferson, C. (2010). The subtleties of error management. Evolution and Human Behavior. 31: 309-319.errorManagement (PDF, 254 KB)
  • Efferson, C., Lalive, R., Richerson, P. J., McElreath, R., and Lubell, M. (2008). Conformists and mavericks: the empirics of frequency-dependent cultural transmission.  Evolution and Human Behavior. 29: 56-64.confAndMav (PDF, 319 KB)confAndMavSupp (PDF, 167 KB)
  • Efferson, C., Takezawa, M., and McElreath, R. (2007). New methods in quantitative ethnography: economic experiments and variation in the price of equality.  Current Anthropology. 48: 912-919.currAnthro (PDF, 307 KB)
  • Efferson, C., Richerson, P. J. (2007). A prolegomenon to nonlinear empiricism in the human behavioral sciences.  Biology and Philosophy. 22: 1-33.prolegomenon (PDF, 586 KB)
  • Efferson, C., Richerson, P. J., McElreath, R., Lubell, M., Edsten, E., Waring, T. M., Paciotti, B., and Baum, W. (2007). Learning, productivity, and noise: an experimental study of cultural transmission on the Bolivian Altiplano.  Evolution and Human Behavior. 28: 11-17.mergedLPN (PDF, 293 KB)
  • McElreath, R., Lubell, M., Richerson, P. J., Waring, T. M., Baum, W., Edsten, E., Efferson, C., and Paciotti, B. (2005). Applying evolutionary models to the laboratory study of social learning. Evolution and Human Behavior. 26: 483-508.labSocLearning (PDF, 305 KB)
  • Baum, W. M., Richerson, P. J., Efferson, C. M., Paciotti, B. M. (2004). Cultural evolution in laboratory microsocieties including traditions of rule giving and rule following. Evolution and Human Behavior. 25: 305-326.microsocieties (PDF, 584 KB)


Every fall semester I teach a Master's level seminar on designing behavioral experiments in economics and human evolutionary ecology. I also supervise Bachelor's, Master's, and Ph.D. theses related to cultural transmission, social dynamics, the evolution of norms, and prosocial behavior.